Dear Brothers and Sisters in Christ,

In recent months, I have received a steady flow of correspondence from many of the lay faithful and religious of our diocese (as well as many from elsewhere in the country) regarding the troubles besetting our Church. I have also begun a process of visiting with each of the parishes of our diocese to speak with the lay faithful and listen to their concerns and suggestions.  I am grateful to all those who have taken time to share their thoughts candidly with me, and I have reflected deeply on all that I have heard and observed.

From this reflection, it has become clear to me that, as regrettable as the circumstances are, this dialog must be part of our collective journey to a life of intentional discipleship.  With that in mind, and borrowing from similar efforts by Archbishop Aquila in Denver, I am setting up this “Promise” website, in conjunction with our diocesan social media platforms, to provide a channel for dialog and transparency. I invite and encourage each of you to join this dialog, as members of the body of Christ, and I welcome your insights, concerns, and suggestions.

I also want to share my disappointment with the outcome of the fall meeting of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops and our failure to advance concrete measures of accountability amongst bishops. This is clearly an area of national concern for our church, in light of the scandals surrounding Archbishop Theodore McCarrick. I had contributed, as a member of a working committee, to specific, concrete protocols that would help address this issue, and I regret that we were prohibited from voting on these measures.

That said, I reiterate the quote from Lumen Gentium that I shared at the USCCB, that, like my brother bishops in their dioceses, am a vicar of Christ here in this diocese, and not a “branch manager of the Vatican.” While I anxiously await clear and definitive reform measures from Rome, I will continue to advance work within my authority, and with all my ability, to prevent abuse and misconduct in our diocese and to continue to advocate for reform nationally. This is my solemn promise to you.

With every best wish and prayers, I am

Sincerely yours in Christ,

Bp Paprocki sign. bw

Most Reverend Thomas John Paprocki
Bishop of Springfield in Illinois

While there are hundreds of people at work on many different programs and initiatives across our diocese, there are three commitments through which all our efforts will be focused:

Holiness and Servant Leadership
Vigilance
Diligence & Transparency

Our Track Record Here in the Diocese of Springfield in Illinois

Since 2002, our diocese has promoted an environment of awareness and safety that is certainly on par with leading organizations throughout the country, and in some ways more advanced than many, at least in its maturity. Our Review Board and Special Panel have been in place and effective for more than 15 years, and our safe environment awareness and prevention efforts have been widely implemented and successful. 

Below are some key statistics highlighting the breadth of our preventative safe environment program:

Individuals Trained since 2002
0
Children trained annually
0
Adults trained annually
0
Training events conducted since 2002
0
Safe Environment Facilitators
0
Safe Environment Coordinators
0

Historical Perspective

Unfortunately, the implementation of our safe environment, beginning in the early 2000’s, was prompted by very public and scandalous revelations of sins in our own clergy, including one of our own bishops. While shocking and painful for the faithful, priests, deacons and religious of this diocese, these circumstances also created an environment of awareness, and prompted a series of actions, in our diocese that many others are just now coming to terms with. 

The result of all this is what can only be honestly described as a mixed track record in our diocese, marked by grave sin but also by diligent and effective response, with a clear turning point near the close of the last century, as illustrated in the graphic below.

Credibly Affirmed Incidences of Abuse in the Springfield Diocese, by Decade
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As this graphic illustrates, there was an increase in cases of abuse during the 1960s, reaching a peak in the 1970s, declining but persisting during the 1980’s and returning to very low levels for the past two decades.  As noted in “The Big Picture” section here, a highly similar pattern has played out nationally. None the less, this diocese remains committed to an environment of vigilance and proactive defense against any recurrence of abuse.

Disclosure of Specific Cases

With the intent to shine a light on any past troubles remaining hidden in shadow, and to reinforce our efforts of vigilance and diligent handling of abuse, below is a summary of all substantiated cases of sexual abuse of a minor by clergy in this diocese as disclosed in our recent voluntary review with the Illinois Attorney General’s office.

Deceased
NameDate of OrdinationStatus Date
Alvin Campbell 5/31/1952 12/2/2002
Robert Dodd 5/30/1964 3/28/2013
Michael Driscoll 3/30/1941 5/15/1989
Robert Eagear 6/2/1928 9/22/1984
George Faller 6/13/1918 10/23/1975
Ray Franzen 5/18/1940 10/4/1987
George Kromenaker 6/8/1947 5/10/2010
Joseph C. O'Brien 4/5/1942 3/27/1978
Frank O'Hara 3/30/1941 4/19/2006
Daniel Ryan 5/3/1956 12/31/2015
Aloysius Schwellenbach 3/28/1928 9/15/2000
Frank Westhoff 5/27/1961 1/7/2006
Laicized
NameDate of OrdinationStatus Date
Joseph Cernich 5/2/1983 6/2/2003
Eugene Costa 7/24/1976  10/12/2007
Joseph Havey 5/29/1971 2/17/2006
Walter Weerts 12/18/1960 3/2/1989
Not in Active Ministry
NameDate of OrdinationStatus Date
Garrett Neal Dee 5/23/1964 7/31/2002
Robert DeGrand 5/31/1980 5/1/2015
Francis Tebangura 12/9/1968 3/10/2006

The Big Picture

While we are clearly focused on creating a culture and environment in this diocese that rejects sin and deals forcefully with issues of misconduct and abuse, it is also important to step back and observe the broader context of some national trends that have clearly affected us locally.

As depicted below, in data assembled from the Pennsylvania Grand Jury Report, there was a clear historical spike in instances of abuse, with a peak in the 1970’s and a steady decline that persists into current times. There is also a clear profile of priests predominantly born in the 1930’s and ordained in the early 1960’s.  This data is also consistent with broader data reported in the 2004 John Jay study.  While by no means a signal that we should reduce our vigilance, there is a clear and indisputable fact that much of what we continue to see being revealed is related to a troubled time period that is now historical.

Image

To further broaden this perspective, the graph below presents data aggregated by the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA) representing the number of alleged cases of clergy sex abuse of minors during each five-year period from 1950 up through 2017. This data is for the entire U.S. Church, and it is for allegations that have been reported since 2004. (Note: The reported date and the alleged incident date are often decades apart). As the graph shows, new abuse allegations have not disappeared altogether — there were 22 that were reported to have occurred during this most recent five-year period we’re in — though they have dropped significantly. This is still far too many — zero should be the only acceptable figure. However, to give these numbers some context, consider that 42 teachers in the state of Pennsylvania lost their licenses due to sexual misconduct in 2017 alone. This is no excuse for what has happened in the Church; rather, these statistics put into proper context all the diligent work the Catholic Church has done and continues to do at preventing sexual abuse in its institutions and shows that it is committed to purging this evil from its ranks.

Image
The Bigger Problem of Child Sexual Abuse

Public scrutiny has clearly helped to drive dramatic change in the Church’s handling of child sexual abuse, dating back to the 2002 Dallas Charter.  Recent attention on this issue reminds us of the tragic past and redoubles our resolve to sustain progress toward eradication of child sexual abuse altogether.  Renewed attention to this issue also brings into focus a broader problem in our society that presents a grave risk to our children.

Consider these facts

- 1 in 5 girls and 1 in 20 boys is a victim of child sexual abuse

- 16% of U.S. youth ages 14-17 are sexually abused in any given year1

- That means more than 3 million children suffer from sexual abuse each year2

- There have been an average of 7 allegations per year nationally of child sexual abuse against Catholic priests since 20103

- In Pennsylvania, there were 3x more cases of child sexual abuse identified statewide in just one year (2016) than in the entire 80-year time period covered in the Grand Jury investigation of the Church.

- According to a study by a Hofstra professor, there are 100x more child sexual abuse cases in public schools than in the Catholic Church4

 

Our society clearly has a broad-based problem with the sexual abuse of children. Due to our own, unfortunate history, and out of our urgent concern for the safety of God’s children, the Church has much to offer in terms of helping to tackle this problem more broadly.   As a country and for the sake of our children, our universal effort should be to eradicate the horror of child sexual abuse from every part of our society.

 

1. http://victimsofcrime.org/media/reporting-on-child-sexual-abuse/child-sexual-abuse-statistics

2. https://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/tables/101-child-population-by-age-group#detailed/1/any/false/871,870,573,869,36,868,867,133,38,35/62,63,64,6,4693/419,420

3. https://www.americamagazine.org/faith/2018/09/05/cara-study-indicates-decline-abuse-reports-worst-behind-us

4. https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2004/03/10/26abuse.h23.html

Resources

Below are three important resources in our diocese that we encourage all the faithful of our diocese to be aware of and utilize, as appropriate:

Safe Environment Training

Our diocese offers a comprehensive and effective safe environment training and awareness program, staffed by a full-time leader at the Catholic Pastoral Center and by hundreds of local facilitators and coordinators.

For questions about our safe environment training or any upcoming sessions, to identify your local facilitator or coordinator, or to get involved as a facilitator or coordinator, please contact Ember Beddingfield, Director, Office for Safe Environment, 217-698-8500, or email:  ebeddingfield@dio.org.

Child Abuse Reporting and Investigation Hotline & Review Board

This Review Board is led by predominantly lay people and is responsible for intake and review of claims of abuse of minors by clergy.

The Diocese’s Child Abuse Reporting and Investigation number is (217) 321-1155.

Individuals may also contact the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services Child Abuse Hotline at 1(800)-25-ABUSE.

Special Panel for Clergy Misconduct

Allegations of financial misconduct or sexual misconduct with adults are handled by a separate group called the Special Panel on Clergy Misconduct, led by lay people and which is headed by William Roberts, formerly the U. S. Attorney for the Central District of Illinois. The hotline to report financial misconduct or adult sexual misconduct committed by priests, deacons or lay employees in our diocese is 1 (866)-346-2003, or email to reportmisconduct@gmail.com. These hotline calls and email messages go directly to the office of Mr. Roberts.

We welcome any insights, suggestions, or concerns you may have that will help advance our efforts. If you have specific concerns regarding possible misconduct or abuse, we ask that you contact the appropriate resource outlined here.